The old globular cluster system of the dlrr galaxy NGC 1427A in the Fornax cluster

Georgiev, IY; Hilker, M; Puzia, TH; Chanamé J.; Mieske S.; Goudfrooij, P; Reisenegger, A.; Infante, L

Abstract

We present a study of the old globular cluster (GC) population of the dwarf irregular galaxy NGC1427 A using multi-wavelength VLT observations in U, B, V, I, Hα and J bands under excellent observing conditions. We applied color and size selection criteria to select old GC candidates and made use of archival ACS images taken with the Bubble Space Telescope to reject contaminating background sources and blended objects from the GC candidates' list. The Hα observations were used to check for contamination due to compact, highly reddened young star clusters whose colors and sizes could mimic those of old GCs. After accounting for contamination we obtain a total number of 38 ± 8 GC candidates with colors consistent with an old (∼10 Gyr) and metal-poor (Z < 0.4 × Z⊙) population as judged by simple stellar population models. Our contamination analysis indicates that the density distribution of GCs in the outskirts of the Fornax central cD galaxy NGC 1399 may not be spherically symmetric. We derive a present-day specific frequency S N of 1.6 for NGC 1427A, a value significantly larger than what is observed in the Local Group dwarf irregular galaxies and comparable with the values found for the same galaxy types in the Virgo and Fornax clusters. Assuming a universal globular cluster luminosity function turnover magnitude, we derive a distance modulus to NGC 1427A of 31.01 ± 0.21 mag which places it ∼3.2 ± 2.5 (statistic) ± 1. 6 (systematic) Mpc in front of the Fornax central cD galaxy NGC 1399. The implications of this result for the relationship between NGC 1427A and the cluster environment are briefly discussed. © ESO 2006.

Más información

Título según WOS: The old globular cluster system of the dlrr galaxy NGC 1427A in the Fornax cluster
Título según SCOPUS: The old globular cluster system of the dlrr galaxy NGC 1427A in the Fornax cluster
Título de la Revista: Astronomy & Astrophysics
Volumen: 452
Número: 1
Editorial: EDP SCIENCES S A
Fecha de publicación: 2006
Página de inicio: 141
Página final: 153
Idioma: English
URL: http://www.aanda.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20064880
DOI:

10.1051/0004-6361:20064880

Notas: ISI, SCOPUS