Restraint of Human Skin Fibroblast Motility, Migration, and Cell Surface Actin Dynamics, by Pannexin 1 and P2X7 Receptor Signaling

Flores-Muñoz, Carolina; Maripillán, Jaime; Vásquez-Navarrete, Jacqueline; Novoa-Molina, Joel; Ceriani, Ricardo; Sánchez, Helmuth A.; Abbott, Ana C.; Weinstein-Oppenheimer, Caroline; Brown, Donald I.; Cárdenas, Ana María; García, Isaac E.; Martínez, Agustín D.

Keywords: cell migration, human dermal fibroblasts, actin cytoskeleton, wound healing, purinergic receptor, pannexin 1


Wound healing is a dynamic process required to maintain skin integrity and which relies on the precise migration of different cell types. A key molecule that regulates this process is ATP. However, the mechanisms involved in extracellular ATP management are poorly understood, particularly in the human dermis. Here, we explore the role, in human fibroblast migration during wound healing, of Pannexin 1 channels and their relationship with purinergic signals and in vivo cell surface filamentous actin dynamics. Using siRNA against Panx isoforms and different Panx1 channel inhibitors, we demonstrate in cultured human dermal fibroblasts that the absence or inhibition of Panx1 channels accelerates cell migration, increases single-cell motility, and promotes actin redistribution. These changes occur through a mechanism that involves the release of ATP to the extracellular space through a Panx1-dependent mechanism and the activation of the purinergic receptor P2X7. Together, these findings point to a pivotal role of Panx1 channels in skin fibroblast migration and suggest that these channels could be a useful pharmacological target to promote damaged skin healing.

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Volumen: 22
Número: 3
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Página de inicio: 1069