Long-term (35 years) cryopreservation ofEchinococcus multilocularismetacestodes

Laurimae, Teivi; Kronenberg, Philipp A.; Rojas, Cristian A. Alvarez; Ramp, Theodor W.; Eckert, Johannes; Deplazes, Peter


The metacestode ofEchinococcus multilocularisis the etiological agent of alveolar echinococcosis. The metacestode stage used for research is maintained in rodents by serial passages. In order to determine whether cryopreservation ofE. multilocularismetacestodes would be suitable for long-term maintenance and replace serial passages, isolates of different geographic origin were cryopreserved in 1984-1986. The aim of the current study was to test the viability of cryopreserved isolates following long-term cryopreservation (up to 35 years) and to determine the phylogenetic clades these isolates belonged to. Cryopreserved isolates were tested for viabilityin vitroandin vivoin gerbils.In vitroresults of 5 isolates indicated protoscolex survival in 13 of 17 experiments (76%) and metacestode survival in 5 of 12 (42%)in vivoexperiments.In vivoresults showed 'abortive lesions' in 13 of the 36 animals, 15 were negative and 8 harboured proliferating metacestode tissue containing protoscoleces. Genetic analysis confirmed the isolates belonged to European, Asian and North-American clades. In conclusion, the results of the current study indicate that metacestodes ofE. multilocularisare able to survive long-term cryopreservation. Therefore, cryopreservation is a suitable method for long-term storage ofE. multilocularismetacestode isolates and reduces the number of experimental animals.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000544961800016 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: PARASITOLOGY
Volumen: 147
Número: 9
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Página de inicio: 1048
Página final: 1054


Notas: ISI