Immunohistochemical detection of ZAP-70 in 341 cases of non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin lymphoma

Admirand, JH; Rassidakis, GZ; Abruzzo, LV; Valbuena, JR; Jones, D; Medeiros, LJ


Using immunohistochemical methods, we evaluated zeta-associated protein (ZAP)-70 expression in 341 cases of non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin lymphoma. In B-cell NHL, ZAP-70 was positive in five of six (83%) precursor B-lymphoblastic lymphoma, 11 of 37 (30%) chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/ SLL), five of 39 (13%) mantle cell lymphoma, one of 12 (8%) Burkitt lymphoma, and one of 12 (8%) nodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma. In 22 cases of CLL/SLL, seven of nine (78%) with unmutated IgV(H) genes expressed ZAP-70, compared with one of 13 (13%) with mutated IgV(H) genes (P = 0.0015 Fisher's exact test). ZAP-70 expression was not detected in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (n=26), extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (n = 24), follicular lymphoma (n = 21), plasma cell myeloma/ plasmacytoma (n = 10), lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (n = 10), or splenic marginal zone lymphoma (n = 6). In T/NK-cell NHL, ZAP-70 was positive in all extranodal natural killer (NK) /T-cell lymphoma, nasal-type (n = 6) and enteropathy-type T-cell lymphoma (n = 4), four of five (80%) subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma, six of eight (75%) mycosis fungoides, three of five (60%) precursor T-lymphoblastic lymphoma, 10 of 17 (59%) peripheral T-cell lymphoma, two of four (50%) blastic NK-cell lymphoma, one of three (33%) T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia, 13 of 52 (25%) anaplastic large cell lymphoma, and one of six (17%) angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma. Seven of 12 (58%) cutaneous CD30-positive lymphoproliferative disorders were also ZAP-70-positive. In Hodgkin lymphoma, ZAP-70 was negative in neoplastic cells in all cases tested. ZAP-70 staining in B-cell lymphomas and reactive T cells was predominantly nuclear with variable cytoplasmic staining. By contrast, ZAP-70 staining in T/NK-cell lymphomas was heterogeneous, and a shift from predominantly nuclear to predominantly cytoplasmic staining was observed, particularly in those neoplasms with high-grade morphology. In summary, ZAP-70 is expressed by many lymphoma types, correlates with immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable region gene mutational status in CLL/SLL, and can be detected reliably using immunohistochemical methods.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000223118300009 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: MODERN PATHOLOGY
Volumen: 17
Número: 8
Editorial: Nature Publishing Group
Fecha de publicación: 2004
Página de inicio: 954
Página final: 961


Notas: ISI