DOSE-RESPONSE OF CHRONIC BETA-BLOCKER TREATMENT IN HEART-FAILURE FROM EITHER IDIOPATHIC DILATED OR ISCHEMIC CARDIOMYOPATHY

BRISTOW, MR; OCONNELL, JB; GILBERT, EM; FRENCH, WJ; LEATHERMAN, G; KANTROWITZ, NE; ORIE, J; SMUCKER, ML; MARSHALL, G; KELLY, P; DEITCHMAN, D; ANDERSON, JL

Abstract

Background Small-scale clinical investigations have demonstrated that single doses of beta-blocking agents can improve left ventricular function in heart failure from idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC). The purpose of this multicenter clinical trial was to determine the dose-effect characteristics of beta-blockade in a heart failure population that includes ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (ISCD). Methods and Results Bucindolol is a nonselective beta-blocking agent with mild vasodilatory properties. One hundred forty-one subjects with class II or III heart failure, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) less than or equal to 0.40, and background therapy of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, digoxin, and diuretics were given an initial challenge dose of bucindolol 12.5 mg. One hundred thirty-nine subjects (99 with IDC, 40 with ISCDC) tolerated challenge and were randomized to treatment with placebo or bucindolol 12.5 mg/d (low dose), 50 mg/d (medium dose), or 200 mg/d (high dose). At the end of 12 weeks, left ventricular function and other parameters were measured and compared with baseline values. There was a dose-related improvement in left ventricular function in bucindolol-treated subjects. In the high-dose bucindolol group, radionuclide-measured LVEF improved by 7.8 EF units (%) compared with 1.8 units in the placebo group (P.05), and compared with the placebo group, a greater percentage of subjects had an increase in LVEF by greater than or equal to 5 units. In contrast, all three bucindolol doses prevented deterioration of myocardial function as defined by an LVEF decline of greater than or equal to 5 units. Conclusions In heart failure from systolic dysfunction, beta-blockade with bucindolol produces a dose-related improvement in and prevents deterioration of left ventricular function.

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:A1994NG46900021 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: CIRCULATION
Volumen: 89
Número: 4
Editorial: AMER HEART ASSOC
Fecha de publicación: 1994
Página de inicio: 1632
Página final: 1642
DOI:

10.1161/01.CIR.89.4.1632

Notas: ISI