Trends in Perinatal Practices and Neonatal Outcomes of Very Low Birth Weight Infants during a 16-year Period at NEOCOSUR Centers

D'Apremont, Ivonne; Marshall, Guillermo; Musalem, Claudia; Mariani, Gonzalo; Musante, Gabriel; Bancalari, Aldo; Fabres, Jorge; Mena, Patricia; Zegarra, Jaime; Tavosnanska, Jorge; Lacarrubba, Jose; Solana, Claudio; Ferreira, Catalina Vaz; Herrera, Tamara; Villarroel, Luis; et. al.


Objective To describe trends in mortality, major morbidity, and perinatal care practices of very low birth weight infants born at NEOCOSUR Neonatal Network centers from January 1, 2001, through December 31, 2016. Study design A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from all inborn infants with a birthweight of 500-1500 g and 23-35 weeks of gestation. Results We examined data for 13 987 very low birth weight infants with a mean birth weight of 1081 +/- 281 g and a gestational age of 28.8 +/- 2.9 weeks. Overall mortality was 26.8% without significant changes throughout the study period. Decreases in early onset sepsis from 6.3% to 2.8% (P .001), late onset sepsis from 21.1% to 19.5% (P = .002), retinopathy of prematurity from 21.3% to 13.8% (P .001), and hydrocephalus from 3.8% to 2.4% (P .001), were observed. The incidence for bronchopulmonary dysplasia decreased from 17.3% to 16% (P = .043), incidence of severe intraventricular hemorrhage was 10.4%, necrotizing enterocolitis 11.1%, and peri-ventricular leukomalacia 3.8%, and did not change over the study period. Administration of antenatal corticosteroids increased from 70.2% to 82.3% and cesarean delivery from 65.9% to 75.4% (P .001). The use of conventional mechanical ventilation decreased from 67.7% to 63.9% (P .001) and continuous positive airway pressure use increased from 41.3% to 64.3% (P .001). Survival without major morbidity increased from 37.4% to 44.5% over the study period (P .001). Conclusions Progress in perinatal and neonatal care at network centers was associated with an improvement in survival without major morbidity of very low birth weight infants during a 16-year period. However, overall mortality remained unchanged.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000573483900011 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS
Volumen: 225
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Página de inicio: 44
Página final: +


Notas: ISI