Src-family kinase inhibitors block early steps of caveolin-1-enhanced lung metastasis by melanoma cells

Ortiz, Rina; Diaz, Jorge; Diaz-Valdivia, Natalia; Martinez, Samuel; Simon, Layla; Contreras, Pamela; Lobos-Gonzalez, Lorena; Guerrero, Simon; Leyton, Lisette; Quest, Andrew F. G.

Abstract

In advanced stages of cancer disease, caveolin-1 (CAV1) expression increases and correlates with increased migratory and invasive capacity of the respective tumor cells. Previous findings from our laboratory revealed that specific ECM-integrin interactions and tyrosine-14 phosphorylation of CAV1 are required for CAV1-enhanced melanoma cell migration, invasion and metastasis in vivo. In this context, CAV1 phosphorylation on tyrosine-14 mediated by non-receptor Src-family tyrosine kinases seems to be important; however, the effect of Src-family kinase inhibitors on CAV1-enhanced metastasis in vivo has not been studied. Here, we evaluated the effect of CAV1 and c-Abl overexpression, as well as the use of the Src-family kinase inhibitors, PP2 and dasatinib (more specific for Src/Abl) in lung metastasis of B16F10 melanoma cells. Overexpression of CAV1 and c-Abl enhanced CAV1 phosphorylation and the metastatic potential of the B16F10 murine melanoma cells. Alternatively, treatment with PP2 or dasatinib for 2 h reduced CAV1 tyrosine-14 phosphorylation and levels recovered fully within 12 h of removing the inhibitors. Nonetheless, pre-treatment of cells with these inhibitors for 2 h sufficed to prevent migration, invasion and trans-endothelial migration in vitro. Importantly, the transient decrease in CAV1 phosphorylation by these kinase inhibitors prevented early steps of CAV1-enhanced lung metastasis by B16F10 melanoma cells injected into the tail vein of mice. In conclusion, this study underscores the relevance of CAV1 tyrosine-14 phosphorylation by Src-family kinases during the first steps of the metastatic sequence promoted by CAV1. These findings open up potential options for treatment of metastatic tumors in patients in which Src-family kinase activation and CAV1 overexpression favor dissemination of cancer cells to secondary sites.

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:000541248000017 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: BIOCHEMICAL PHARMACOLOGY
Volumen: 177
Editorial: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Fecha de publicación: 2020
DOI:

10.1016/j.bcp.2020.113941

Notas: ISI