Magnetic flux penetration in Nb superconducting films with lithographically defined microindentations

Brisbois, J.; Adami, O. -A.; Avila, J. I.; Motta, M.; Ortiz, W. A.; Nguyen, N. D.; Vanderbemden, P.; Vanderheyden, B.; Kramer, R. B. G.; Silhanek, A. V.


We present a thorough investigation by magneto-optical imaging of the magnetic flux penetration in Nb thin films with lithographically defined border indentations. We demonstrate that discontinuity lines (d lines), caused by the abrupt bending of current streamlines around the indentations, depart from the expected parabolic trend close to the defect and depend on the shape and size of the indentation as well as on the temperature. These findings are backed up and compared with theoretical results obtained by numerical simulations and analytical calculations highlighting the key role played by demagnetization effects and the creep exponent n. In addition, we show that the presence of nearby indentations and submicrometer random roughness of the sample border can severely modify the flux front topology and dynamics. Strikingly, in contrast to what has been repeatedly predicted in the literature, we do not observe that indentations act as nucleation spots for flux avalanches, but they instead help to release the flux pressure and avoid thermomagnetic instabilities.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000370779500007 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: PHYSICAL REVIEW B
Volumen: 93
Número: 5
Fecha de publicación: 2016


Notas: ISI