Pediatric renal transplantation: A single center experience over 14 years

Delucchi, A; Ferrario M.; Varela, M.; Cano, F; Rodríguez. E.; Guerrero, JL; Lillo, AM; Wolff, E.; Godoy, J; Buckel, E; Gonzalez G. ; Rodriguez J.; Cavada, G


Between 1989 and 2003, 100 transplants were performed in 96 patients at the pediatric nephrology unit of the Calvo Mackenna Children's Hospital. Mean age 10.9 ± 3.9 yr (1-17.6), 30% from LD. Donors were younger than 5 yr in five patients and all recipients received an 'en bloc' graft. Original disease was hypo/dysplasia 27%, reflux nephropathy 22 and 17% chronic glomerulonephritis. The immunosuppressive protocol during the first period (n = 56, 1989-2000): Cyclosporine, steroids and azathioprine, and during the second period (n = 44, 2001-2003): FK, steroids, MMF and anti-CD25 antibody (mAbs). AR was reported in 22 patients, 11% in LD, 31% in DD (p < 0.01). The AR rate decreased from 40 to 8% after anti-CD25 monoclonal induction. Patient actuarial survival rate at 1, 3 and 5 yr was 100% for LD and 96% for DD. The overall actuarial graft survival at 1,3, and 5 yr was 96.7, 96.7 and 71% for LD and 89, 76 and 73% for DD donors. Graft survival rate improved from the first period (1989-2000) to the second period (2001-2003; p = 0.05). No difference in graft survival rate with HLA-A,B,DR matching was found. Graft survival rate was better when cold ischemia time was <24 h (p < 0.01). CMV infections increased from 19 to 40% when MMF and anti-CD25 Ab were introduced (p < 0.01). The height/age Z score at 1, 3 and 5 yr post-transplant was -2.2, -2.1, -2.2, respectively, for children older than 7 yr and -1.8, -1.9, -2.1 for those transplanted younger than 7 yr of age who were switched to alternate day steroids (p < 0.01). The cause of graft lost was: chronic rejection eight, non-adherence four, AR four and vascular thrombosis two. The cause of death in two patients was fungus septicemia and accelerated rejection. Pediatric renal transplantation can be performed in our group with acceptable morbidity, low mortality and graft survival rates similar to other reports in North America and Western Europe. Graft survival rate improved with newer immunosuppression and greater experience at the center. Management of non-adherence and chronic rejection remain the major challenges. © 2005 Blackwell Munksgaard.

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Título según WOS: Pediatric renal transplantation: A single center experience over 14 years
Título según SCOPUS: Pediatric renal transplantation: A single center experience over 14 years
Volumen: 10
Número: 2
Editorial: Wiley
Fecha de publicación: 2006
Página de inicio: 193
Página final: 197
Idioma: English