Temporal changes in gene expression and genotype frequency of the ornithine decarboxylase gene in native silversideBasilichthys microlepidotus: Impact of wastewater reduction due to implementation of public policies

Veliz, David; Rojas-Hernandez, Noemi; Copaja, Sylvia V.; Vega-Retter, Caren

Abstract

Human activity has caused a deterioration in the health and population size of riverine species; thus, public policies have been implemented to mitigate the anthropogenic impacts of water use, watercourse transformation, and pollution. We studied the Maipo River Basin, one of the most polluted with untreated wastewater in Chile, for a period of 12 years (2007-2019). Since the implementation of new public policies, including the operation of a wastewater collector (2012), the Maipo River Basin is currently much less polluted by untreated water than before. To analyze the impact of wastewater reduction in this river basin, we studied the native silverside (Basilichthys microlepidotus), which inhabits both polluted and unpolluted areas of the river basin. Previous studies reported the overexpression of the ornithine decarboxylase (odc) gene, heterozygote deficit, and high frequency of a homozygoteodcgenotype in silverside populations that inhabit wastewater-polluted sites, suggesting a phenotypic change and genotypic selection in response to pollution. Here, a population affected and another population unaffected by wastewater were studied before and after implementing the wastewater collector. The physicochemical data of water samples, changes inodcexpression and microsatellite variability, andodcgenotype frequencies were analyzed. The results showed physicochemical changes in the affected site before and after the operation of the wastewater collector. The microsatellite loci showed no changes in either population. Theodcexpression in the affected site was higher before the operation of the wastewater collector. Significant changes in the genotype frequencies of theodcgene before and after the wastewater collector operation were detected only at the affected site, wherein the homozygous dominant genotype decreased from >59% to 25%. Our results suggest that public policies aimed at mitigating aquatic pollution can indirectly affect both gene expression and genotype frequencies of important functional genes.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000541663100001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: EVOLUTIONARY APPLICATIONS
Volumen: 13
Número: 6
Editorial: Wiley
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Página de inicio: 1183
Página final: 1194
DOI:

10.1111/eva.13000

Notas: ISI