New trends in the development of electrochemical biosensors for the quantification of microRNAs

Lopez Mujica, Michael; Gallay, Pablo A.; Perrachione, Fabrizio; Montemerlo, Antonella E.; Tamborelli, Luis A.; Vaschetti, Virginia M.; Reartes, Daiana F.; Bollo, Soledad; Rodriguez, Marcela C.; Dalmasso, Pablo R.; Rubianes, Maria D.; Rivas, Gustavo A.


MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding regulatory RNAs that play an important role in RNA silencing and post-transcriptional gene expression regulation. Since their dysregulation has been associated with Alzheimer disease, cardiovascular diseases and different types of cancer, among others, miRNAs can be used as biomarkers for early diagnosis and prognosis of these diseases. The methods commonly used to quantify miRNAs are, in general, complex, costly, with limited application for point-of-care devices or resource-limited facilities. Electrochemical biosensors, mainly those based on nanomaterials, have emerged as a promising alternative to the conventional miRNA detection methods and have paved the way to the development of sensitive, fast, and low-cost detection systems. This review is focused on the most relevant contributions performed in the field of electrochemical miRNAs biosensors between 2017 and the beginning of 2020. The main contribution of this article is the critical discussion of the different amplification strategies and the comparative analysis between amplified and non-amplified miRNA electrochemical biosensing and between the different amplification schemes. Particular emphasis was given to the importance of the nanostructures, enzymes, labelling molecules, and special sequences of nucleic acids or analogues on the organization of the different bioanalytical platforms, the transduction of the hybridization event and the generation the analytical signal. (C) 2020 Published by Elsevier B.V.

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Título según WOS: New trends in the development of electrochemical biosensors for the quantification of microRNAs
Volumen: 189
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 2020


Notas: ISI