Changes in Extreme Precipitation Accumulations during the Warm Season over Continental China

Chang, Meiyu; Liu, Bo; Martinez-Villalobos, Cristian; Ren, Guoyu; Li, Shangfeng; Zhou, Tianjun


Precipitation accumulations, integrated over rainfall events, are investigated using hourly data across continental China during the warm season (May-October) from 1980 to 2015. Physically, the probability of precipitation accumulations drops slowly with event size up to an approximately exponential cutoff scale s(L) where probability drops much faster. Hence s(L) can be used as an indicator of high accumulation percentiles (i.e., extreme precipitation accumulations). Overall, the climatology of s(L) over continental China is about 54 mm. In terms of cutoff changes, the current warming stage (1980-2015) is divided into two periods, 1980-97 and 1998-2015. We find that the cutoff in 1998-2015 increases about 5.6% compared with that of 1980-97, with an average station increase of 4.7%. Regionally, s(L) increases are observed over East China (10.9% +/- 1.5%), Northwest China (9.7% +/- 2.5%), South China (9.4% +/- 1.4%), southern Southwest China (5.6% +/- 1.2%), and Central China (5.3% +/- 1.0%), with decreases over North China (-10.3% +/- 1.3%), Northeast China (-4.9% +/- 1.5%), and northern Southwest China (-3.9% +/- 1.8%). The conditional risk ratios for five subregions with increased cutoff s(L) are all greater than 1.0, indicating an increased risk of large precipitation accumulations in the most recent period. For high precipitation accumulations larger than the 99th percentile of accumulation s(99), the risk of extreme precipitation over these regions can increase above 20% except for South China. These increases of extreme accumulations can be largely explained by the extended duration of extreme accumulation events, especially for "extremely extreme" precipitation greater than s(99).

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Título según WOS: Changes in Extreme Precipitation Accumulations during the Warm Season over Continental China
Título de la Revista: JOURNAL OF CLIMATE
Volumen: 33
Número: 24
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Página de inicio: 10799
Página final: 10811


Notas: ISI