Adsorption of polyethylene microbeads and physiological effects on hydroponic maize
About 90% of the plastic garbage remains in terrestrial ecosystems, and increasing evidence highlights the expo-sure of crops to plastic particles. However, the potential bioaccumulation of microplastics by plants and their effects on plants' physiology remains unexplored. Here, we evaluated the adsorption, potential uptake, and physiological effects of polyethylene (PE) microbeads in an experimental hydroponic culture of maize. Using iso-tope analysis, taking advantage of the different carbon isotope composition (delta C-13) of fossil-derived PE and C-4 plants (e.g., maize), we estimated that about 30% of the carbon in the rhizosphere of microplastic-exposed plants was derived from PE. Still, we did not find evidence of PE translocation to the shoots. Plastic bioaccumulation in the rhizosphere caused a significant decline in transpiration, nitrogen content, and growth. Our results indicate that plastic particles may accumulate in the rhizosphere, impairing water and nutrient uptake, and eventually reaching root eaters. Due to the implications for food production and livestock feeding, our findings encourage further research on the mechanism leading to the bioaccumulation of microplastics on the surface of below-ground tissues. (c) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Título según WOS:||Adsorption of polyethylene microbeads and physiological effects on hydroponic maize|
|Título de la Revista:||SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT|
|Fecha de publicación:||2020|