Genomic basis of the loss of diadromy in Galaxias maculatus: Insights from reciprocal transplant experiments

Delgado, M. Lisette; Manosalva, Aliro; Urbina, Mauricio A.; Habit, Evelyn; Link, Oscar; Ruzzante, Daniel E.


Diadromy is known for having major effects on the distribution and richness of aquatic species, and so does its loss. The loss of diadromy has led to the diversification of many species, yet research focusing on understanding its molecular basis and consequences are limited. This is particularly true for amphidromous species despite being the most abundant group of diadromous species. Galaxias maculatus, an amphidromous species and one of the most widely distributed fishes in the Southern Hemisphere, exhibits many instances of nonmigratory or resident populations. The existence of naturally replicated resident populations in Patagonia can serve as an ideal system for the study of the mechanisms that lead to the loss of the diadromy and its ecological and evolutionary consequences. Here, we studied two adjacent river systems in which resident populations are genetically differentiated yet derived from the same diadromous population. By combining a reciprocal transplant experiment with genomic data, we showed that the two resident populations followed different evolutionary pathways by exhibiting a differential response in their capacity to survive in salt water. While one resident population was able to survive salt water, the other was not. Genomic analyses provided insights into the genes that distinguished (a) migratory from nonmigratory populations; (b) populations that can vs those that cannot survive a saltwater environment; and (c) between these resident populations. This study demonstrates that the loss of diadromy can be achieved by different pathways and that environmental (selection) and random (genetic drift) forces shape this dynamic evolutionary process.

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Título según WOS: Genomic basis of the loss of diadromy in Galaxias maculatus: Insights from reciprocal transplant experiments
Título de la Revista: MOLECULAR ECOLOGY
Volumen: 29
Número: 24
Editorial: Wiley
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Página de inicio: 4857
Página final: 4870


Notas: ISI