IL-6-572C > G and CARD8 304T > A Genetic Polymorphisms are Associated with the Absolute Neutrophil Count in Patients with Hematological Malignancies Under Chemotherapy: An Application of Multilevel Models to a Preliminary Pharmacogenetic Study

Martinez, Matias F.; Alveal, Enzo; Soto, Tomas G.; Bustamante, Eva, I; Avila, Fernanda; Bangdiwala, Shrikant, I; Flores, Ivonne; Benavides, Claudia; Morales, Ricardo; Varela, Nelson M.; Quinones, Luis A.

Abstract

Purpose: Neutropenia is a common event in patients undergoing cytotoxic chemotherapy for the treatment of a hematological malignancy. Some polymorphisms, as IL-6 -572C>G (rs1800796), IL-beta -31 G>A (rs1143627), and CARD8 304T>A (rs2043211), in genes related to the inflammatory process, could affect the level of absolute neutrophil count (ANC) after chemotherapy. Since an efficient inflammatory process enhances neutrophil survival, we hypothesize that these polymorphisms are associated with ANC. Patients and Methods: We carried out a prospective cohort study in two hospitals in Santiago, Chile. The patients included were adults diagnosed with acute myeloblastic leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, undergoing cytotoxic chemotherapy. We use a multilevel linear regression model to test our hypothesis. The best model was selected using the Akaike's information criterion (AIC). Results: We analyzed 1726 hemograms and ANCs from 172 hospitalizations from 32 patients. The results show that CC and CG genotypes of IL-6 -572 C>G polymorphism are associated with higher ANCs compared with the GG genotype (Ln (ANC) similar to 0.81 IC95% 0.02-1.55). Similarly, TT and AT genotypes of CARD8 304T>A polymorphism were related to higher ANCs compared with AA (Ln (ANC) similar to 0.95 IC95% 0.02-1.82). IL-1 beta genetic polymorphism had no statistically significant association with ANC. Conclusion: IL-6 rs1800796 -572C>G and CARD8 rs2043211 304T>A polymorphisms are associated with the absolute neutrophil count in patients undergoing cytotoxic chemotherapy for treatment of hematological malignancies. Our findings might be useful to improve the safety of chemotherapy through predictive ANC models.

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:000562848300001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: PHARMACOGENOMICS PERSONALIZED MEDICINE
Volumen: 13
Editorial: Dove Medical Press Ltd
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Página de inicio: 337
Página final: 343
DOI:

10.2147/PGPM.S261208

Notas: ISI