Absence of AGPAT2 impairs brown adipogenesis, increases IFN stimulated gene expression and alters mitochondrial morphology

Tapia, Pablo J.; Figueroa, Ana-Maria; Eisner, Veronica; Gonzalez-Hodar, Lila; Robledo, Fermin; Agarwal, Anil K.; Garg, Abhimanyu; Cortes, Victor


Background: Biallelic loss of function variants in AGPAT2, encoding 1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 2, cause congenital generalized lipodystrophy type 1, a disease characterized by near total loss of white adipose tissue and metabolic complications. Agpat2 deficient (Agpat2(-/-)) mice completely lacks both white and interscapular brown adipose tissue (iBAT). The objective of the present study was to characterize the effects of AGPAT2 deficiency in brown adipocyte differentiation. Methods: Preadipocytes obtained from newborn (P0.5) Agpal2(-/- )and wild type mice iBAT were differentiated into brown adipocytes, compared by RNA microarray, RT-qPCR, High-Content Screening (HCS), western blotting and electron microscopy. Results: 1) Differentiated Agpat2(-/-) brown adipocytes have fewer lipid-laden cells and lower abundance of Ppar gamma, Ppar alpha, C/ebp alpha and Pgc1 alpha, both at the mRNA and protein levels, compared those to wild type cells. Prmd16 levels were equivalent in both, Agpat2(-/-) and wild type, while Ucp1 was only induced in wild type cells, 2) These differences were not due to lower abundance of preadipocytes, 3) Differentiated Agpat2(-/-) brown adipocytes are enriched in the mRNA abundance of genes participating in interferon (IFN) type I response, whereas genes involved in mitochondrial homeostasis were decreased, 4) Mitochondria in differentiated Agpat2(-/-) brown adipocytes had altered morphology and lower mass and contacting sites with lipid droplets concomitant with lower levels of Mitofusin 2 and Perlipin 5. Conclusion: AGPAT2 is necessary for normal brown adipose differentiation. Its absence results in a lower proportion of lipid-laden cells, increased expression of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) and alterations in mitochondrial morphology, mass and fewer mitochondria to lipid droplets contacting sites in differentiated brown adipocytes. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000576647900010 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 111
Fecha de publicación: 2020


Notas: ISI