Efficient Computation of Map Algebra over Raster Data stored in the k2-acc Compact Data Structure

Caniupan, Monica; Torres-Avilés R.; Gutiérrez-Bunster T.; Lepe, Manuel

Keywords: algorithms, data structures, spatial databases, geographic information systems (GIS), Raster Data, Map algebra operations


We present efficient algorithms to compute simple and complex map algebra operations over raster data stored in main memory, using the k2-acc compact data structure. Raster data correspond to numerical data that represent attributes of spatial objects, such as temperature or elevation measures. Compact data structures allow efficient data storage in main memory and query them in their compressed form. A k2-acc is a set of k2-trees, one for every distinct numeric value in the raster matrix. We demonstrate that map algebra operations can be computed efficiently using this compact data structure. In fact, some map algebra operations perform over five orders of magnitude faster compared with algorithms working over uncompressed datasets.

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Título de la Revista: GEOINFORMATICA
Editorial: Springer
Fecha de publicación: 2021


Notas: WOS, ISI