Artisan Brick Kilns: State-of-the-Art and Future Trends

Valdes, Hugo; Vilches, Juan; Felmer, Gabriel; Hurtado, Mariela; Figueroa, Juan


A large part of the global brick manufacturing industry has evolved based on knowledge transmitted from generation to generation without developing a consistent scientific approach. The purpose of this article is to contribute to this approach by discussing the state-of-the-art and future trends of the design and construction of artisan brick kilns (ABK). The methodology proposed for this study is based on a systematic literature review whereby main question is: What research exists on brick kilns? Based on the results of this review, it is recommended that appropriate emerging technologies that should be incorporated to ABKs for either medium or small enterprises should be: mechanical fans, envelope thermal insulation, organic waste of uniform size as fuel, automatic control of process variables and computer simulations of phenomenological processes. This should be accompanied by technical training for the brick-makers and greater access to financing funds. The technologies reviewed throughout the paper will allow for a more thermally efficient design of kilns, which will emit less hazardous greenhouse gases and atmospheric pollutants.

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Título según WOS: Artisan Brick Kilns: State-of-the-Art and Future Trends
Título de la Revista: SUSTAINABILITY
Volumen: 12
Número: 18
Editorial: MDPI AG
Fecha de publicación: 2020


Notas: ISI