Cost-Benefit Evaluation of Decentralized Greywater Reuse Systems in Rural Public Schools in Chile

Rodriguez, Carolina; Sanchez, Rafael; Rebolledo, Natalia; Schneider, Nicolas; Serrano, Jennyfer; LEIVA, EDUARDO

Abstract

Water scarcity is one of the most important climatic threats in recent times. In Chile, the north and north-central areas, with predominantly arid or semi-arid climates, have been strongly affected by the low availability of water, as well as by overexploitation of water resources derived from the negative effect caused by some sectors of the economy such as agriculture and mining. Only 53% of households in rural areas in Chile have access to drinking water from a public network. To date, some pilot greywater treatment systems have been implemented in rural public schools. This paper presents an economic analysis of pilot systems for greywater treatment from three case studies. The results showed that the implementation of these systems would not be economically feasible, since the initial investment costs can exceed USD 5200, which is not offset by the water savings. However, other benefits, such as thermal regulation, better life quality, and the feeling of well-being and satisfaction of students and teachers should be considered to be paramount for the evaluation of treatment systems. In addition, current levels of treated greywater could allow irrigation of 6.24, 5.68, and 3.56 m(2)/person in the Alejandro Chelen, El Guindo, and Pedro de Valdivia schools, respectively. These results contribute to a better understanding of the social role that should be applied to the evaluation of ecological systems that save water and improve the well-being of the population.

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:000602768100001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: WATER
Volumen: 12
Número: 12
Editorial: MDPI Open Access Publishing
Fecha de publicación: 2020
DOI:

10.3390/w12123468

Notas: ISI