Emotion Recognition from ECG Signals Using Wavelet Scattering and Machine Learning
Affect detection combined with a system that dynamically responds to a person's emotional state allows an improved user experience with computers, systems, and environments and has a wide range of applications, including entertainment and health care. Previous studies on this topic have used a variety of machine learning algorithms and inputs such as audial, visual, or physiological signals. Recently, a lot of interest has been focused on the last, as speech or video recording is impractical for some applications. Therefore, there is a need to create Human-Computer Interface Systems capable of recognizing emotional states from noninvasive and nonintrusive physiological signals. Typically, the recognition task is carried out from electroencephalogram (EEG) signals, obtaining good accuracy. However, EEGs are difficult to register without interfering with daily activities, and recent studies have shown that it is possible to use electrocardiogram (ECG) signals for this purpose. This work improves the performance of emotion recognition from ECG signals using wavelet transform for signal analysis. Features of the ECG signal are extracted from the AMIGOS database using a wavelet scattering algorithm that allows obtaining features of the signal at different time scales, which are then used as inputs for different classifiers to evaluate their performance. The results show that the proposed algorithm for extracting features and classifying the signals obtains an accuracy of 88.8% in the valence dimension, 90.2% in arousal, and 95.3% in a two-dimensional classification, which is better than the performance reported in previous studies. This algorithm is expected to be useful for classifying emotions using wearable devices.
|Título según WOS:||Emotion Recognition from ECG Signals Using Wavelet Scattering and Machine Learning|
|Título de la Revista:||APPLIED SCIENCES|
|Editorial:||MDPI Open Access Publishing|
|Fecha de publicación:||2021|