TMPRSS11a is a novel age-altered, tissue specific regulator of migration and wound healing

Fernandez, Christian; Burgos, Andres; Morales, Diego; Rosales-Rojas, Roberto; Canelo, Javiera; Vergara-Jaque, Ariela; Vieira, Gabriel Viliod; Alves da Silva, Rodrigo Alberto; Sales, Katiuchia Uzzun; Conboy, Michael J.; Bae, Eun Ji; Park, Kang-Sik; Torres, Vicente A.; Garrido, Mauricio; Cerda, Oscar; et. al.


Aging is a gradual biological process characterized by a decrease in cellular and organism functions. Aging-related processes involve changes in the expression and activity of several proteins. Here, we identified the transmembrane protease serine 11a (TMPRSS11a) as a new age-specific protein that plays an important role in skin wound healing. TMPRSS11a levels increased with age in rodent and human skin and gingival samples. Strikingly, overexpression of TMPRSS11a decreased cell migration and spreading, and inducing cellular senescence. Mass spectrometry, bioinformatics, and functional analyses revealed that TMPRSS11a interacts with integrin beta(1) through an RGD sequence contained within the C-terminal domain and that this motif was relevant for cell migration. Moreover, TMPRSS11a was associated with cellular senescence, as shown by overexpression and downregulation experiments. In agreement with tissue-specific expression of TMPRSS11a, shRNA-mediated downregulation of this protein improved wound healing in the skin, but not in the skeletal muscle of old mice, where TMPRSS11a is undetectable. Collectively, these findings indicate that TMPRSS11a is a tissue-specific factor relevant for wound healing, which becomes elevated with aging, promoting cellular senescence and inhibiting cell migration and skin repair.

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Título según WOS: TMPRSS11a is a novel age-altered, tissue specific regulator of migration and wound healing
Título de la Revista: FASEB JOURNAL
Volumen: 35
Número: 5
Editorial: Wiley
Fecha de publicación: 2021


Notas: ISI