A Model for Correcting the Pressure Drop between Two Monoliths

Cornejo, Ivan


This paper is concerned with the modeling of the pressure drop through monolith honeycombs. Monolith substrates are promising for the intensification of catalytic processes, especially because of their low back-pressure. There have been several improvements in the modeling of monolith reactors during the last decade, most of them focused on a single substrate configuration, while research in multiple substrates in a single reactor is still sparse. One example is the so-called "minor losses ", such as those because of the flow entering and leaving a substrate. Both phenomena interact when two monoliths are placed close in series, and the extra losses produced by them may become relevant when relatively short monoliths are used. In this paper, a spatially resolved computational model of monolith channels arranged in series is used to compute the extra pressure drop because of the flow leaving one substrate and entering the next one downstream. Several Reynolds numbers and spacing lengths for the channels between substrates are investigated. According to the results, for close-coupled monoliths, the inlet and outlet effects produce a negligible pressure drop compared to that in a single monolith configuration. This phenomenon can be accounted for by introducing a correction factor. The magnitude of the correction factor depends on the channel's Reynolds number, diameter, and spacing length. A model for such a factor is proposed. The model accurately predicts the trend and magnitude of the correction factor.

Más información

Título según WOS: A Model for Correcting the Pressure Drop between Two Monoliths
Título de la Revista: CATALYSTS
Volumen: 11
Número: 11
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2021


Notas: ISI