The effect of silicon supply on photosynthesis and carbohydrate metabolism in two wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars contrasting in response to phosphorus nutrition
Keywords: photosynthetic performance, nutrient uptake, mesophyll conductance, Sucrose Starch
Phosphorus (P) deficiency affects agricultural systems by limiting crop quality and yield. Studies have suggested that silicon (Si) improves P uptake in plants grown under P deficiency. However, the effects of Si on photosynthesis and carbohydrate metabolism under P stress remain unclear. We performed a hydroponic study using two wheat cultivars with contrasting sensitivity to P deficiency (Púrpura, sensitive; Fritz, semi-tolerant) that were exposed to P (0, 0.01, or 0.1 mM) and Si (0 or 2 mM), and we evaluated the photosynthetic performance and metabolic alterations. In plants from the sensitive cultivar undergoing P deficiency, Si application increased sucrose levels, starch breakdown and length of shoots, and also improved plant dry weight. In Fritz (the semi-tolerant cultivar), Si exposure reduced P concentration, and increased shoot length and P use efficiency (PUE) under P shortage. Interestingly, Si application altered cell wall composition, which was associated with higher mesophyll conductance and net CO2 assimilation in Fritz plants grown under P stress. Together, our results indicate that under P deficiency, Si nutrition positively affects photosynthesis and carbohydrate levels in a genotype-dependent manner. Furthermore, these results suggest that Si plays an important role in maintaining high photosynthetic rates in wheat plants undergoing P deficiency.
|Título de la Revista:||PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY|
|Editorial:||ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER|
|Fecha de publicación:||2021|
|Página de inicio:||236|