A facile template synthesis of phosphorus-doped graphitic carbon nitride hollow structures with high photocatalytic hydrogen production activity

Wang, Caidong; Yang, Chengwu; Qin, Jiaqian; Rajendran, Saravanan; Zhang, Xinyu

Abstract

Synthesis of graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) is a simple, fast, metal-free, cost-effective with potential photo catalytic hydrogen evolution activity in solving energy crisis and environmental pollution. However, the low separation efficiency of electron-hole pairs of pure g-C3N4 is still limited the real applications. In this work, we synthesized a g-C3N4 photocatalyst with hollow porous worm-like structure morphology as well as phosphorus (P) doping through simple thermal polymerization with NaH2PO4 center dot 2H(2)O as both P source and template. The results show that the synthesized g-C3N4 photocatalysts with hollow porous worm-like structure. The specific surface area of modified photocatalysts can be enlarged from 39.29 m(2)/g to 51.36 m(2)/g, and the photochemical test show that the as-prepared photocatalysts has better visible light response and more highly separation efficiency of photogeneration electron-hole than that of pristine g-C3N4. As expected, the photocatalytic hydrogen measurements reveal that the obtained P-doped hollow porous worm-like structured g-C(3)N(4)has highly efficient activity than pure g-C3N4 under visible light irradiation. The photocatalytic hydrogen production capacity can reach up to 10.985 mmol/g for 5 h, which is about 7.6 times that of the pure g-C3N4. Finally, based on the above analysis, we further proposed a reasonable photocatalytic mechanism. This work provides an idea for synthesis of an efficient g-C3N4 based photocatalysts.

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:000705749200004 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: MATERIALS CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS
Volumen: 275
Editorial: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Fecha de publicación: 2022
DOI:

10.1016/j.matchemphys.2021.125299

Notas: ISI