Impact of high fat diet on the sterol regulatory element-binding protein 2 cholesterol pathway in the testicle
Male fertility has been shown to be dependent on cholesterol homeostasis. This lipid is essential for testosterone synthesis and spermatogenesis, but its levels must be maintained in an optimal range for proper testicular function. In particular, sperm cells' development is very sensitive to high cholesterol levels, noticeably during acrosomal formation. The aim of this work was to study whether the molecular pathway that regulates intracellular cholesterol, the sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) pathway, is affected in the testicles of animals under a fat diet. To investigate this, we took advantage of the non-obese hypercholesterolemia (HC) model in New Zealand rabbits that displays poor sperm and seminal quality. The testicular expression of SREBP isoform 2 (SREBP2) and its target molecules 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) and low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) were studied under acute (6months) and chronic (more than 12months) fat intake by RT-PCR, western blot and immunofluorescence. Our findings showed that fat consumption promoted down-regulation of the SREBP2 pathway in the testicle at 6months, but upregulation after a chronic period. This was consistent with load of testicular cholesterol, assessed by filipin staining. In conclusion, the intracellular pathway that regulates cholesterol levels in the testicle is sensitive to dietary fats, and behaves differently depending on the duration of consumption: it has a short-term protective effect, but became deregulated in the long term, ultimately leading to a detrimental situation. These results will contribute to the understanding of the basic mechanisms of the effect of fat consumption in humans with idiopathic infertility.
|Título según WOS:||ID WOS:000697163300007 Not found in local WOS DB|
|Título de la Revista:||MOLECULAR HUMAN REPRODUCTION|
|Editorial:||OXFORD UNIV PRESS|
|Fecha de publicación:||2021|