Pretreatment to Leaching for a Primary Copper Sulphide Ore in Chloride Media

Quezada, Victor; Roca, Antoni; Benavente, Oscar; Cruells, Montserrat; Melo, Evelyn; Hernandez, Maria


The dissolution of copper sulphide ores continues to be a challenge for the copper industry. Several media and leaching alternatives have been proposed to improve the dissolution of these minerals, especially for the leaching of chalcopyrite. Among the alternatives, pretreatment prior to leaching was proposed as an option that increases the dissolution of copper from sulphide ores. In this study, a mineral sample from a copper mining company was used. The copper grade of the sample was 0.79%, and its main contributor was chalcopyrite (84%). The effect of curing time (as pretreatment) in a chloride media on copper sulphide ore was evaluated at various temperatures: 25, 50, 70 and 90 degrees C. The pretreated sample and leaching residues were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and reflected light microscopy. Pretreatment products such as CuSO4, NaFe3(SO4)(2)(OH)(6), and S-0 were identified although with difficulty, due to the low presence of chalcopyrite in the initial sample (1.99%). Under the conditions of 15 kg/t of H2SO4, 25 kg/t of NaCl, and 15 days of curing time, a copper extraction of 93.1% was obtained at 90 degrees C with 50 g/L of Cl- and 0.2 M of H2SO4.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000690567800001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: METALS
Volumen: 11
Número: 8
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2021


Notas: ISI