Biocidal activity of Ba2+-doped CeO2 NPs against Streptococcus mutans and Staphylococcus aureus bacterial strains

Sisubalan, Natarajan; Karthikeyan, Chandrasekaran; Kumar, Venugopal Senthil; Varaprasad, Kokkarachedu; Hameed, Abdulrahman Syed Ahamed Haja; Vanajothi, Ramar; Sadiku, Rotimi


Mishandling of antibiotics often leads to the development of multiple drug resistance (MDR) among microbes, resulting in the failure of infection treatments and putting human health at great risk. As a response, unique nanomaterials with superior bioactivity must be developed to combat bacterial infections. Herein, CeO2-based nanomaterials (NMs) were synthesized by employing cerium(iii) nitrate and selective alkaline ions. Moreover, the influence of alkaline ions on CeO2 was investigated, and their characteristics, viz.: biochemical, structural, and optical properties, were altered. The size of nano Ba-doped CeO2 (BCO) was similar to 2.3 nm, relatively smaller than other NMs and the antibacterial potential of CeO2, Mg-doped CeO2 (MCO), Ca-doped CeO2 (CCO), Sr-doped CeO2 (SCO), and Ba-doped CeO2 (BCO) NMs against Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) strains was assessed. BCO outperformed all NMs in terms of antibacterial efficacy. In addition, achieving the enhanced bioactivity of BCO due to reduced particle size facilitated the easy penetration into the bacterial membrane and the presence of a sizeable interfacial surface. In this study, the minimum quantity of BCO required to achieve the complete inhibition of bacteria was determined to be 1000 mu g mL(-1) and 1500 mu g mL(-1) for S. mutans and S. aureus, respectively. The cytotoxicity test with L929 fibroblast cells demonstrated that BCO was less toxic to healthy cells. Furthermore, BCO did not show any toxicity and cell morphological changes in the L929 fibroblast cells, which is similar to the control cell morphology. Overall, the results suggest that nano BCO can be used in biomedical applications, which can potentially help improve human health conditions.

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Título según WOS: Biocidal activity of Ba2+-doped CeO2 NPs against Streptococcus mutans and Staphylococcus aureus bacterial strains
Título de la Revista: RSC ADVANCES
Volumen: 11
Número: 49
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Página de inicio: 30623
Página final: 30634


Notas: ISI