Association of Cardiotoxicity With Doxorubicin and Trastuzumab: A Double-Edged Sword in Chemotherapy

Gabani, Mohanad; Castaneda, Diana; Nguyen, Quynh My; Choi, Soo-Kyoung; Chen, Cheng; Mapara, Ayesha; Kassan, Adam; Gonzalez, Alexis A.; Khataei, Tahsin; Ait-Aissa, Karima; Kassan, Modar

Abstract

Anticancer drugs play an important role in reducing mortality rates and increasing life expectancy in cancer patients. Treatments include monotherapy and/or a combination of radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or immunotherapy. Despite great advances in drug development, some of these treatments have been shown to induce cardiotoxicity directly affecting heart function and structure, as well as accelerating the development of cardiovascular disease. Such side effects restrict treatment options and can negatively affect disease management. Consequently, when managing cancer patients, it is vital to understand the mechanisms causing cardiotoxicity to better monitor heart function, develop preventative measures against cardiotoxicity, and treat heart failure when it occurs in this patient population. This review discusses the role and mechanism of major chemotherapy agents with principal cardiovascular complications in cancer patients.

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Título según WOS: Association of Cardiotoxicity With Doxorubicin and Trastuzumab: A Double-Edged Sword in Chemotherapy
Título de la Revista: CUREUS
Volumen: 13
Número: 9
Editorial: CUREUS INC
Fecha de publicación: 2021
DOI:

10.7759/CUREUS.18194

Notas: ISI