Rational Design of Novel Glycomimetic Peptides for E-Selectin Targeting
E-selectin is a cell-adhesion receptor with specific recognition capacity toward sialo-fucosylated Lewis carbohydrates present in leukocytes and tumor cells. E-selectin interactions mediate the progress of inflammatory processes and tumor metastasis, which aroused the interest in using this protein as a biomolecular target to design glycomimetic inhibitors for active targeting or therapeutic purposes. In this work, we report the rational discovery of two novel glycomimetic peptides targeting E-selectin based on mutations of the reference selectin-binding peptide IELLQAR. Sixteen single or double mutants at Ile1, Leu3, Leu4, and Arg7 residues were evaluated as potential candidates for E-selectin targeting using 50 ns molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Nine peptides showing a stable association with the functional pocket were modified by adding a cysteine residue to the N-terminus to confer versatility for further chemical conjugation. Subsequent 50 ns MD simulations resulted in five cysteine-modified peptides with retained or improved E-selectin binding potential. Then, 300 ns accelerated MD (aMD) simulations were used to examine the binding properties of the best five cysteine-modified peptides. CIEELQAR and CIELFQAR exhibit the most selective association with the functional pocket of E-selectin, as revealed by potential of mean force profiles. Microscale thermophoresis experiments confirmed the E-selectin binding capacity of the selected peptides with K-D values in the low micromolar range (CIEELQAR K-D = 35.0 +/- 1.4 mu M; CIELFQAR K-D = 16.4 +/- 0.7 mu M), which are 25-fold lower than the reported value for the native ligand sLe(x) (K-D = 878 mu M). Our findings support the potential of CIEELQAR and CIELFQAR as novel E-selectin-targeting peptides with high recognition capacity and versatility for chemical conjugation, which are critical for enabling future applications in active targeting.
|Título según WOS:||Rational Design of Novel Glycomimetic Peptides for E-Selectin Targeting|
|Título de la Revista:||JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL INFORMATION AND MODELING|
|Editorial:||AMER CHEMICAL SOC|
|Fecha de publicación:||2021|
|Página de inicio:||2463|