Human cDC1s Display Constitutive Activation of he UPR Sensor IRE1

Garcia-Gonzalez, Paulina; Fernández, Dominique; Gutiérrez, Diane; Parra-Cordero, Mauro; Osorio, Fabiola


The intracellular mechanisms safeguarding dendritic cell (DC) function are of biomedical interest in several immune-related diseases. Type 1 conventional DCs (cDC1s) are prominent targets of immunotherapy typified by constitutive activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR) sensor IRE1. Through its RNase domain, IRE1 regulates key processes in cDC1s including survival, endoplasmic reticulum architecture and function. However, most evidence linking IRE1 RNase with cDC1 biology emerges from mouse studies and it is currently unknown whether human cDC1s also activate the enzyme to preserve cellular homeostasis. In this work, we report that human cDC1s constitutively activate IRE1 RNase in steady-state, which is evidenced by marked expression of IRE1, XBP1s and target genes, and low levels of mRNA substrates of the IRE1 RNase domain. On a functional level, pharmacological inhibition of the IRE1 RNase domain curtailed IL-12 and TNF production by cDC1s upon stimulation with toll-like receptor agonists. Altogether, this work demonstrates that activation of the IRE1/XBP1s axis is a conserved feature of cDC1s across species and suggests that the UPR sensor may also play a relevant role in the biology of the human lineage.

Más información

Editorial: Wiley
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Idioma: English

Notas: ISI