Breeding abundance and population trend of the Peruvian Diving-petrel Pelecanoides garnotii in Chile: Recovery of an endangered seabird?

Fernandez, Claudia E.; Portflitt-Toro, Matias; Miranda-Urbina, Diego; Plaza, Paula; Luna, Nicolas; Luna-Jorquera, Guillermo


As island ecosystems are among the most critical breeding habitats for seabirds, their protection should enhance population viability for many species. The Peruvian Diving-petrelPelecanoides garnotiibreeds only in Chile and Peru, is an endangered seabird with historically large populations of over 100,000 breeding pairs, but fewer than 1,000 remained in the 1980s and it became the first endangered seabird of the Humboldt Current System. In Chile, they breed on five islands, three of which are legally protected, but only two have a management plan. Between 2010 and 2014, we evaluated the density of nests, burrow occupancy, and colony patch sizes on the islands to estimate the breeding population. The population trend was assessed by compiling historical data available in the literature and several unpublished technical reports. The current breeding population size in Chile was similar to 12,500 breeding pairs (95% CI: 10,613-14,676 pairs) that is similar to 34% of the breeding pairs reported for Peru (similar to 36,450 pairs). Choros Island, the only island with adequate protection, accounted for similar to 95% of the total breeding population of the Peruvian Diving-petrel in Chile. Historical population trends showed a significant increase in breeding pairs during recent years on Choros Island. It seems that the adequate legal protection of Choros Island is leading to the recovery of Peruvian Diving-petrels, demonstrating that protection of breeding colonies remains an essential strategy for the conservation of endemic seabirds.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000562466300007 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 30
Número: 3
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Página de inicio: 423
Página final: 433


Notas: ISI