The Blanco DECam bulge survey. I. The survey description and early results

Rich, R. Michael; Johnson, Christian, I; Young, Michael; Simion, Iulia T.; Clarkson, William, I; Pilachowski, Catherine; Michael, Scott; Kunder, Andrea; Vivas, A. Katherina; Koch, Andreas; Marchetti, Tommaso; Ibata, Rodrigo; Martin, Nicolas; Robin, Annie C.; Lagarde, Nadege; et. al.


The Blanco Dark Energy Camera (DECam) Bulge survey is a Vera Rubin Observatory (LSST) pathfinder imaging survey, spanning similar to 200 deg(2) of the Southern Galactic bulge, -2 degrees < b < -13 degrees and -11 degrees < l < +11 degrees. We have employed the CTIO-4m telescope and the DECam to image a contiguous similar to 200 deg(2) region of the relatively less reddened Southern Galactic bulge, in SDSS u + Pan-STARRSgrizy. Optical photometry with its large colour baseline will be used to investigate the age and metallicity distributions of themajor structures of the bulge. Included in the survey footprint are 26 globular clusters imaged in all passbands. Over much of the bulge, we have Gaia DR2 matching astrometry to i similar to 18, deep enough to reach the faint end of the red clump. This paper provides the background, scientific case, and description of the survey. We present an array of newreddening-corrected colour-magnitude diagrams that span the extent of Southern Galactic bulge. We argue that a population of massive stars in the blue loop evolutionary phase, proposed to lie in the bulge, are instead at similar to 2 kpc from the Sun and likely red clump giants in the old disc. A bright red clump near (l, b) = (+ 8 degrees, -4 degrees) may be a feature in the foreground disc, or related to the long bar reported in earlier work. We also report the first map of the blue horizontal branch population spanning the Blanco DECam Bulge Survey field of regard, and our data do not confirm the reality of a number of proposed globular clusters in the bulge.

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Título según WOS: The Blanco DECam bulge survey. I. The survey description and early results
Volumen: 499
Número: 2
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Página de inicio: 2340
Página final: 2356


Notas: ISI