Endosomal abnormalities related to amyloid precursor protein in cholesterol treated cerebral cortex neuronal cells derived from trisomy 16 mice, an animal model of Down syndrome

Arriagada C.; Astorga, C.; Atwater I; Rojas, E; Mears, D; Caviedes R.; Caviedes P.

Abstract

The CNh and CTb cell lines are derived from the cerebral cortex of normal and trisomy 16 mice, an animal model of human trisomy 21, Down syndrome (DS), and represent in vitro models to study cellular events associated with the human condition. Amyloid precursor protein (APP) plays an important role in the development of neuropathology associated with DS and cholesterol in the amyloidogenic processing of APP. There is also increasing evidence of alterations in the recycling pathway of the early endosome compartment in nervous tissue from DS. In the present study, we report endosomal abnormalities related to amyloid precursor protein in cholesterol-treated CTb cells. Colocalization studies revealed the presence of APP-derived products in early endosomal compartments in both cell lines. Using internalization and immunoprecipitation techniques, differential effects were observed between the normal and trisomic cell lines when treated with cholesterol. Internalization experiments showed that the CTb cell line accumulates internalized APP in intracellular compartments for longer periods of time when compared to the CNh cell line. Immunoprecipitation revealed a differential interaction between the trafficking-related protein Rab4 and APP in the neuronal cell lines CNh and CTb. The present study suggests a putative mechanism by which overexpressed APP accumulates in intracellular compartments related to the endosomal trafficking pathway in individuals with DS, and highlights the usefulness of the CTb cell line as a model to study altered APP metabolism related to this genetic condition. © 2007 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Título según WOS: Endosomal abnormalities related to amyloid precursor protein in cholesterol treated cerebral cortex neuronal cells derived from trisomy 16 mice, an animal model of Down syndrome
Título según SCOPUS: Endosomal abnormalities related to amyloid precursor protein in cholesterol treated cerebral cortex neuronal cells derived from trisomy 16 mice, an animal model of Down syndrome
Título de la Revista: NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS
Volumen: 423
Número: 2
Editorial: ELSEVIER SCI IRELAND LTD
Fecha de publicación: 2007
Página de inicio: 172
Página final: 177
Idioma: English
URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0304394007007598
DOI:

10.1016/j.neulet.2007.06.054

Notas: ISI, SCOPUS