A Spectral Survey of CH3CCH in the Hot Molecular Core G331.512-0.103

Julia C. Santos, Leonardo Bronfman, Edgar Mendoza, Jacques Lépine, Nicolas Duronea, Manuel Merello, and Ricardo Finger


A spectral survey of methyl acetylene (CH3CCH) was conducted toward the hot molecular core/outflow G331.512-0.103. Our APEX observations allowed the detection of 41 uncontaminated rotational lines of CH3CCH in the frequency range between 172 and 356 GHz. Through an analysis under the local thermodynamic equilibrium assumption, by means of rotational diagrams, we determined Texc = 50 ± 1 K, N(CH3CCH) = (7.5 ± 0.4) × 1015 cm2, X[CH3CCH/H2] ≈ (0.8–2.8) × 10−8, and X[CH3CCH/CH3OH] ≈ 0.42 ± 0.05 for an extended emitting region (∼10''). The relative intensities of the K = 2 and K = 3 lines within a given K-ladder are strongly negatively correlated to the transitions' upper J quantum number (r = −0.84). Pure rotational spectra of CH3CCH were simulated at different temperatures, in order to interpret this observation. The results indicate that the emission is characterized by a nonnegligible temperature gradient with upper and lower limits of ∼45 and ∼60 K, respectively. Moreover, the line widths and peak velocities show an overall strong correlation with their rest frequencies, suggesting that the warmer gas is also associated with stronger turbulence effects. The K = 0 transitions present a slightly different kinematic signature than the remaining lines, indicating that they might be tracing a different gas component. We speculate that this component is characterized by lower temperatures and therefore larger sizes. Moreover, we predict and discuss the temporal evolution of the CH3CCH abundance using a two-stage zero-dimensional model of the source constructed with the three-phase Nautilus gas-grain code.

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Título de la Revista: The Astrophysical Journal
Volumen: 925, Number 1
Número: Article
Editorial: IOP Publishing
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Página de inicio: Article 3
Página final: 13 pages
Idioma: Inglés
URL: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4357/ac36cc#artAbst
Notas: ISI