ATOMS: ALMA Three-millimeter Observations of Massive Star-forming regions – V. Hierarchical fragmentation and gas dynamics in IRDC G034.43+00.24

Hong-Li Liu, Anandmayee Tej, Tie Liu, Namitha Issac, Anindya Saha, Paul F Goldsmith, Jun-Zhi Wang, Qizhou Zhang, Sheng-Li Qin, Ke Wang, Shanghuo Li, Archana Soam, Lokesh Dewangan, Chang Won Lee, Pak-Shing Li, Xun-Chuan Liu, Yong Zhang, Zhiyuan Ren,; Mika Juvela, Leonardo Bronfman et al.

Keywords: stars: formation, stars: kinematics and dynamics, ISM: clouds, ISM: individual objects: G034.43+00.24


We present new 3-mm continuum and molecular lines observations from the ATOMS survey towards the massive protostellar clump, MM1, located in the filamentary infrared dark cloud (IRDC), G034.43+00.24 (G34). The lines observed are the tracers of either dense gas (e.g. HCO+/H13CO+ J= 1–0) or outflows (e.g. CS J= 2–1). The most complete picture to date of seven cores in MM1 is revealed by dust continuum emission. These cores are found to be gravitationally bound, with virial parameter, αvir < 2. At least four outflows are identified in MM1 with a total outflowing mass of ∼45 M⊙, and a total energy of 1 × 1047 erg, typical of outflows from a B0-type star. Evidence of hierarchical fragmentation, where turbulence dominates over thermal pressure, is observed at both the cloud and the clump scales. This could be linked to the scale-dependent, dynamical mass inflow/accretion on clump and core scales. We therefore suggest that the G34 cloud could be undergoing a dynamical mass inflow/accretion process linked to the multiscale fragmentation, which leads to the sequential formation of fragments of the initial cloud, clumps, and ultimately dense cores, the sites of star formation.

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Volumen: 510, Issue 4
Número: Article
Editorial: Oxford Academic
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Página de inicio: 5009
Página final: 5022
Idioma: Inglés
URL: ttps://
Notas: ISI