EVALUATION OF BIOLOGICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL RELATIONSHIPS AS INDICATORS OF WATER QUALITY IN TOLTÉN RIVER BASIN, ARAUCANÍA, CHILE: PRELIMINARY RESULTS

Claudia Jimena Guerrero-Jiménez; Claudia Lorena Rabert; Alberto Sáez-Arteaga; Nicol Loncoman; Geraldine Torres; Tomas Flores; Francisco Llanquín-Rosas; María Luisa Valenzuela; Roberto Moreno

Abstract

ABSTRACT River basins play a critical role in ecosystem services and their status regulate the associated productivity. Anthropogenic activities along with other environmental perturbation influence the vulnerability level of that important water resource, disturbing in a short time, water quality. The aim of this work is to generate an approach to Toltén basin characterization with benthonic macroinvertebrates, physicochemical and bacterial components as indicators of variation in water quality close to human populations and the sectors furthest from them, selecting for this purpose two areas (up and downstream of the basin). We used an ANOSIM two-way analysis to relate abiotic and biotic data and for diversity and biotic index (ChBMWP) we analyzed the benthic macroinvertebrate composition. A principal component analysis for environmental variables strongly separated the analyzed zones by season as the first principal component, showing a clear increase in temperature and electrical conductivity values in spring season. Meantime the pH parameter was observed with interesting variation for longitudinal gradient with incremental values in upstream area. The biotic indexes applied to the samples between seasons reflexes a similar diversity between analyzed sites in upstream with no differences showing a low diversity of macroinvertebrates. However, a significant increase was detected during spring in downstream zone. On the other hand, Pseudomonas genus increase between the most representative microbiological genera in the basin. Our results reinforce the importance not only of frequent seasonal monitoring program but also the critical role of collecting data on total transect basin length to regulate the human activities associated to basin and to protect the water quality.

Más información

Título según SCIELO: EVALUATION OF BIOLOGICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL RELATIONSHIPS AS INDICATORS OF WATER QUALITY IN TOLTÉN RIVER BASIN, ARAUCANÍA, CHILE: PRELIMINARY RESULTS
Título de la Revista: JOURNAL OF THE CHILEAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY
Volumen: 66
Número: 4
Editorial: 2013
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Página de inicio: 5307
Página final: 5311
Idioma: en
DOI:

10.4067/S0717-97072021000405307

Notas: SCIELO