Wind turbine main bearing condition monitoring via convolutional autoencoder neural networks

Tutivén, Christian; Benalcazar-Parra, Carlos; Encalada-Dávila, Angel; Vidal, Yolanda; Puruncaias, Bryan; Fajardo, Marcelo

Keywords: neural networks, wind turbine, Convolutional Autoencoder, Fault prognosis, Main bearing, Normality model, Real SCADA data


The rapid growth of the energy capacity generated by wind turbines, as well as their size, creates new challenges in terms of operation and maintenance. Main bearing failures have been identified as one of the main and most critical issues in terms of increasing the availability and reliability of wind turbines. Therefore, predicting wind turbine main bearing failures has become a technical challenge and an economically important issue. In this manuscript it is established a fault prognosis procedure to forecast main bearing failures several months beforehand to help wind turbine operators plan maintenance in advance. Reducing downtime is one of the main goals in wind energy industry since it lets addressing its energy loss impact. The main contributions of this work are described below: i) the prognosis is carried out by using only SCADA data, which is accessible in all commercial wind turbines; therefore, no additional sensors designed for a determined purpose need to be installed; ii) it is a semi-supervised approach, thus it only requires healthy data to be collected; iii) it is based only on external variables and one representative temperature close to the subsystem under diagnosis, thus avoiding data contamination; iv) it accomplishes the prognosis (several months beforehand) of the main bearing fault; and v) the performance and validity of the proposed strategy are demonstrated on a real underproduction wind turbine.

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Editorial: IEEE
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Año de Inicio/Término: 7 October 2021 through 8 October 2021
Idioma: English
Financiamiento/Sponsor: Generalitat de Catalunya