Optimal length of triple therapy for H pylori eradication in a population with high prevalence of infection in Chile
Aim: To compare the efficacy of 7-d versus 14-d triple therapy for the treatment of H pylori infection in Chile, with a prevalence of 73% in general population. Methods: H pylori-infected patients diagnosed by rapid urease test, with non-ulcer dyspepsia or peptic ulcer disease were randomized to receive omeprazole 20 mg bid, amoxicillin 1 g bid, and clarithromycin 500 mg bid for 7 (OAC7) or 14 (OAC14) d. Primary outcome was eradication rate 6 wk after the treatment. Subgroup analysis was carried out considering the eradication rate among patients with or without peptic ulcer disease and eradication rate among smokers or non-smokers. Results: One hundred and thirty-one patients were randomized to OAC7 (n = 69) or OAC14 (n = 62). The overall eradication rate (intention-to-treat) was 78.3% in OAC7 and 85.5% in OAC14 groups, without a significant difference (P =0.37). No significant difference in the eradication rate was found among the patients with peptic ulcer disease (n = 31) between the OAC7 group (85.7%) and OAC14 group (87.5%). However, smokers had an obviously lower eradication rate compared to non-smokers, particularly in the OAC7 group (57.1% in smokers vs 83.6% in non-smokers; P = 0.06). Adverse effects rate were similar between both groups. Conclusion: Short-term efficacy of triple therapy with OAC for 7 d is comparable to 14 d in this high-prevalence population. Longer follow-up, and studies focused to some subgroups of patients (smokers and non-ulcer patients) are necessary to support widespread use of 7-d instead of 10-14-d triple therapy in a developing country like Chile. Â© 2007 The WJG Press. All rights reserved.
|Título según WOS:||Optimal length of triple therapy for H pylori eradication in a population with high prevalence of infection in Chile|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Optimal length of triple therapy for H pylori eradication in a population with high prevalence of infection in Chile|
|Título de la Revista:||WORLD JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY|
|Editorial:||BAISHIDENG PUBLISHING GROUP INC|
|Fecha de publicación:||2007|
|Página de inicio:||2967|