Vitamin C is an essential antioxidant that enhances survival of oxidatively stressed human vascular endothelial cells in the presence of a vast molar excess of glutathione

Montecinos, V; Guzman P.; Barra V; Villagrán M.; Munoz-Montesino, C; Sotomayor, K; Escobar, E; Godoy A.; Mardones L.; Sotomayor P.; Guzmán C; Vásquez O.; Gallardo V.; van Zundert, B; Bono, MR.; et. al.

Abstract

Cellular glutathione levels may exceed vitamin C levels by 10-fold, generating the question about the real antioxidant role that low intracellular concentrations of vitamin C can play in the presence of a vast molar excess of glutathione. We characterized the metabolism of vitamin C and its relationship with glutathione in primary cultures of human endothelial cells oxidatively challenged by treatment with hydrogen peroxide or with activated cells undergoing the respiratory burst, and analyzed the manner in which vitamin C interacts with glutathione to increase the antioxidant capacity of cells. Our data indicate that: (i) endothelial cells express transporters for reduced and oxidized vitamin C and accumulate ascorbic acid with participation of glutathione-dependent dehydroascorbic acid reductases, (ii) although increased intracellular levels of vitamin C or glutathione caused augmented resistance to oxidative stress, 10-times more glutathione than vitamin C was required, (iii) full antioxidant protection required the simultaneous presence of intracellular and extracellular vitamin C at concentrations normally found in vivo, and (iv) intracellular vitamin C cooperated in enhancing glutathione recovery after oxidative challenge thus providing cells with enhanced survival potential, while extracellular vitamin C was recycled through a mechanism involving the simultaneous neutralization of oxidant species. Therefore, in endothelial cells under oxidative challenge, vitamin C functions as an essential cellular antioxidant even in the presence of a vast molar excess of glutathione. © 2007 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

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Título según WOS: Vitamin C is an essential antioxidant that enhances survival of oxidatively stressed human vascular endothelial cells in the presence of a vast molar excess of glutathione
Título según SCOPUS: Vitamin C is an essential antioxidant that enhances survival of oxidatively stressed human vascular endothelial cells in the presence of a vast molar excess of glutathione
Título de la Revista: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
Volumen: 282
Número: 21
Editorial: AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
Fecha de publicación: 2007
Página de inicio: 15506
Página final: 15515
Idioma: English
URL: http://www.jbc.org/cgi/doi/10.1074/jbc.M608361200
DOI:

10.1074/jbc.M608361200

Notas: ISI, SCOPUS