Expression and immunolocalization of endothelin peptides and its receptors, ETA and ETB, in the carotid body exposed to chronic intermittent hypoxia
Increased levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in the carotid body (CB) contribute to the enhancement of chemosensory responses to acute hypoxia in cats exposed to chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). However, it is not known if the ET receptor types A (ETA-R) and B (ETB-R) are upregulated. Thus, we studied the expression and localization of ETA-R and ET B-R using Western blot and immunohistochemistry (IHC) in CBs from cats exposed to cyclic hypoxic episodes, repeated during 8 hr for 4 days. In addition, we determined if ET-1 is expressed in the chemoreceptor cells using double immunofluorescence for ET-1 and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH). We found that ET-1 expression was ubiquitous in the blood vessels and CB parenchyma, although double ET-1 and TH-positive chemoreceptor cells were mostly found in the parenchyma. ETA-R was expressed in most chemoreceptor cells and blood vessels of the CB vascular pole. ETB-R was expressed in chemoreceptor cells, parenchymal capillaries, and blood vessels of the vascular pole. CIH upregulated ETB-R expression by âˆ¼2.1 (Western blot) and 1.6-fold (IHC) but did not change ETA-R expression. Present results suggest that ET-1, ETA-R, and ETB-R are involved in the enhanced CB chemosensory responses to acute hypoxia induced by CIH. Â© The Histochemical Society, Inc.
|Título según WOS:||Expression and immunolocalization of endothelin peptides and its receptors, ETA and ETB, in the carotid body exposed to chronic intermittent hypoxia|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Expression and immunolocalization of endothelin peptides and its receptors, ETA and ETB, in the carotid body exposed to chronic intermittent hypoxia|
|Título de la Revista:||JOURNAL OF HISTOCHEMISTRY & CYTOCHEMISTRY|
|Editorial:||SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD|
|Fecha de publicación:||2007|
|Página de inicio:||167|