Universal and nonuniversal features in a model of city traffic
The complex behavior that occurs when traffic lights are synchronized is studied. Two strategies are considered: all lights in phase, and a "green wave" with a propagating green signal. It is found that traffic variables such as traveling time, velocity, and fuel consumption, near resonance, follow critical scaling laws. For the green wave, it is shown that time and velocity scaling laws hold even for random separation between traffic lights. These results suggest the concept of transient resonances, which can be induced by adaptively changing the phase of traffic lights. This may be important to consider when designing strategies for traffic control in cities, where short trajectories, and thus transient solutions, are likely to be relevant. Â© 2007 The American Physical Society.
|Título según WOS:||Universal and nonuniversal features in a model of city traffic|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Universal and nonuniversal features in a model of city traffic|
|Título de la Revista:||PHYSICAL REVIEW E|
|Editorial:||AMER PHYSICAL SOC|
|Fecha de publicación:||2007|