Neutralization of a single arginine residue gates open a two-pore domain, alkali-activated K+ channel
Potassium channels share a common selectivity filter that determines the conduction characteristics of the pore. Diversity in K+ channels is given by how they are gated open. TASK-2, TALK-1, and TALK-2 are two-pore region (2P) KCNK K+ channels gated open by extracellular alkalinization. We have explored the mechanism for this alkalinization-dependent gating using molecular simulation and site-directed mutagenesis followed by functional assay. We show that the side chain of a single arginine residue (R224) near the pore senses pH in TASK-2 with an unusual pKa of 8.0, a shift likely due to its hydrophobic environment. R224 would block the channel through an electrostatic effect on the pore, a situation relieved by its deprotonation by alkalinization. A lysine residue in TALK-2 fulfills the same role but with a largely unchanged pKa, which correlates with an environment that stabilizes its positive charge. In addition to suggesting unified alkaline pH-gating mechanisms within the TALK subfamily of channels, our results illustrate in a physiological context the principle that hydrophobic environment can drastically modulate the pKa of charged amino acids within a protein. Â© 2006 by The National Academy of Sciences of the USA.
|Título según WOS:||Neutralization of a single arginine residue gates open a two-pore domain, alkali-activated K+ channel|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Neutralization of a single arginine residue gates open a two-pore domain, alkali-activated K+ channel|
|Título de la Revista:||PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA|
|Editorial:||NATL ACAD SCIENCES|
|Fecha de publicación:||2007|
|Página de inicio:||666|