Can electrophilicity act as a measure of the redox potential of first-row transition metal ions?
Previous contributions concerning the computational approach to redox chemistry have made use of thermodynamic cycles and Car - Parrinello molecular dynamics simulations to obtain accurate redox potential values, whereas this article adopts a conceptual density functional theory (DFT) approach. Conceptual DFT descriptors have found widespread use in the study of thermodynamic and kinetic aspects of a variety of organic and inorganic reactions. However, redox reactions have not received much attention until now. In this contribution, we prove the usefulness of global and local electrophilicity descriptors for the prediction of the redox characteristics of first row transition metal ions (from Sc3+ | Sc2+ to Cu3+ | Cu2+) and introduce a scaled definition of the electrophilicity based on the number of electrons an electrophile ideally accepts. This scaled electrophilicity concept acts as a good quantitative estimate of the redox potential. We also identify the first solvation sphere together with the metal ion as the primary active region during the electron uptake process, whereas the second solvation sphere functions as a non-reactive continuum region. Â© 2007 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
|Título según WOS:||Can electrophilicity act as a measure of the redox potential of first-row transition metal ions?|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Can electrophilicity act as a measure of the redox potential of first-row transition metal ions?|
|Título de la Revista:||CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL|
|Editorial:||WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH|
|Fecha de publicación:||2007|
|Página de inicio:||9331|