Effects of four irrigation regimes on yield, fruit quality, plant water status, and water productivity in a furrow-irrigated red raspberry orchard
Due to drought intensification in Mediterranean-type climates, raspberry growers need to implement irrigation scheduling to save water without decreases in yield and fruit quality. A study was performed to evaluate the effects of four irrigation levels on yield (Y), fruit number (FM2), fruit weight (FW), water productivity (WP), fruit quality (titratable acidity (TA), soluble solids (SS), weight to volume ratio (WV)), midday stem water potential (Psi(stem)), and water stress integral (WSI) in a furrow-irrigated red raspberry (Rubus ideaus L. 'Heritage') orchard. An experimental plot was established within a commercial raspberry orchard located in the Colbun valley, Maule Region, Chile, during the 2012/13 and 2013/14 growing seasons. The irrigation treatments were 125 (T-1, farmer irrigation management), 100 (T-2), 75 (T-3) and 50% (T-4) of crop evapotranspiration (ETc). The results showed significant differences among treatments for Y and FM2, with the highest and lowest values observed under the T-3 and T-1 treatments, respectively. The T-4 treatment had the highest values of WSI and WP compared to the other treatments. The effects of irrigation levels were not significant for SS and WV, but the lowest TA was observed under the T-1 treatment. Results suggested that water application based on the 75% of ETc associated with Psi(stem) > -1.0 MPa was the most appropriate irrigation strategy for the furrow-irrigated red raspberry orchard because it had the highest Y (9.25 kg m(-2)) and saved water by 20-28% compared to the 125% and 100% ETc treatments.
|Título según WOS:||ID WOS:000876856000002 Not found in local WOS DB|
|Título de la Revista:||AGRICULTURAL WATER MANAGEMENT|
|Fecha de publicación:||2022|