Genistein as a regulator of signaling pathways and microRNAs in different types of cancers

Javed, Zeeshan; Khan, Khushbukhat; Herrera-Bravo, Jesus; Naeem, Sajid; Iqbal, Muhammad Javed; Sadia, Haleema; Qadri, Qamar Raza; Raza, Shahid; Irshad, Asma; Akbar, Ali; Reiner, Zeljko; Al-Harrasi, Ahmed; Al-Rawahi, Ahmed; Satmbekova, Dinara; Butnariu, Monica; et. al.


Cancers are complex diseases orchestrated by a plethora of extrinsic and intrinsic factors. Research spanning over several decades has provided better understanding of complex molecular interactions responsible for the multifaceted nature of cancer. Recent advances in the field of next generation sequencing and functional genomics have brought us closer towards unravelling the complexities of tumor microenvironment (tumor heterogeneity) and deregulated signaling cascades responsible for proliferation and survival of tumor cells. Phytochemicals have begun to emerge as potent beneficial substances aimed to target deregulated signaling pathways. Isoflavonoid genistein is an essential phytochemical involved in regulation of key biological processes including those in different types of cancer. Emerging preclinical evidence have shown its anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. Testing of this substance is in various phases of clinical trials. Comprehensive preclinical and clinical trials data is providing insight on genistein as a modulator of various signaling pathways both at transcription and translation levels. In this review we have explained the mechanistic regulation of several key cellular pathways by genistein. We have also addressed in detail various microRNAs regulated by genistein in different types of cancer. Moreover, application of nano-formulations to increase the efficiency of genistein is also discussed. Understanding the pleiotropic potential of genistein to regulate key cellular pathways and development of efficient drug delivery system will bring us a step towards designing better chemotherapeutics.

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Título según WOS: Genistein as a regulator of signaling pathways and microRNAs in different types of cancers
Volumen: 21
Número: 1
Editorial: BMC
Fecha de publicación: 2021


Notas: ISI