Unusual source of food: impact of dead siblings on encapsulated embryo development of Crepipatella fecunda (Gastropoda : Calyptraeidae)
Embryonic cannibalism has been identified in directly developing calyptraeid species through observation of the ingestion of encapsulated sibling embryos. The object of the present study was to determine the effects of experimentally induced cannibalism on larval development in encapsulated larvae of Crepipatella fecunda (a species having mixed development). The effects studied included the time of intracapsular development, protoconch size and velar characteristics of the larvae. Mortality was induced during intracapsular development through mechanical disruption ('treatment') of embryos. A treatment and control group of embryos from the same female were compared. Encapsulated veligers actively fed on their sacrificed congeners. Larvae hatched in less than 10 days from treated capsules and had mean shell lengths and velum areas significantly lower than those from the control, but no significant differences in cilia length. In treated capsules where the embryos underwent a slow development (>20 days), the larvae produced shells, vela and cilia larger than those of the controls. In an intermediate period of intracapsular development, the differences recorded among larval characters were not statistically significant. The results showed that: (1) the encapsulated veligers were capable of feeding on exogenous food before hatching; (2) the consumption of non-living congeners decreased the time of intracapsular development; and (3) the morphometry of the larvae hatching from treated capsules varied depending on the period of intracapsular development and seems to be adaptively stabilised towards homogeneous larval morphometry. Â© CSIRO 2007.
|Título según WOS:||Unusual source of food: impact of dead siblings on encapsulated embryo development of Crepipatella fecunda (Gastropoda : Calyptraeidae)|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Unusual source of food: Impact of dead siblings on encapsulated embryo development of Crepipatella fecunda (Gastropoda : Calyptraeidae)|
|Título de la Revista:||AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF MARINE AND FRESHWATER RESEARCH|
|Fecha de publicación:||2007|
|Página de inicio:||1152|