Oncological Benefit versus Cardiovascular Risk in Breast Cancer Patients Treated with Modern Radiotherapy

Acevedo, Francisco; Ip, Teresa; Orellana, Maria; Martinez, Gonzalo; Gabrielli, Luigi; Andia, Marcelo; Besa, Cecilia; Pinto, Mauricio P.; Sanchez, Cesar; Merino, Tomas


Radiotherapy (RT) is an essential part of breast cancer (BC) treatments. Unfortunately, heart exposure to radiation can also impair the long-term survival of patients. Our study aimed to quantify the oncological benefit and the cardiovascular (CV) risk associated with modern RT in a real-world cohort of BC patients. Our descriptive study enrolled BC patients who received adjuvant RT. Ten-year overall survival (OS) was estimated using Predict((R)) version 2.1 (National Health Service, London, UK). The basal risk of CV events was estimated using the American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) CV score. Treatment volumes and mean cardiac doses were obtained from RT treatment plan records. The increased risk of CV events due to RT was estimated using a model proposed by Darby. The risk of acute myocardial infarction or stroke mortality was estimated using HeartScore((R)) (European Society of Cardiology, Brussels, Belgium). A total of 256 BC patients were included in the study. The average age of patients was 57 years old (range: 25-91); 49.6% had left BC. The mean cardiac dose was 166 cGy (interquartile range (IQR) 94-273); the estimated hazard ratio (HR) for CV disease was HR 1.12 (confidence interval (CI) 1.04-1.24). The estimated baseline 10-year CV risk was 5.6% (0.2 to 51.2); CV risk increased by 0.9% (range 0.02-35.47%) after RT. The absolute risk of 10-year mortality from CV disease was 2.5% (0.1-9); RT was associated with an estimated 4.9% survival benefit (3.73-6.07) against BC death and a 0.23% (0.17-0.29) estimated increase in CV mortality. Modern RT decreased 10-year BC mortality by 4% but increased CV mortality by 0.2% in this cohort. Our findings encourage the implementation of personalized adjuvant RT treatments that balance risks and benefits to improve long-term BC patient survival.

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Título según WOS: Oncological Benefit versus Cardiovascular Risk in Breast Cancer Patients Treated with Modern Radiotherapy
Volumen: 11
Número: 13
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2022


Notas: ISI