Genotoxicity of oxidative stress and UV-B radiation in Antarctic vascular plants

Acuna-Rodriguez, Ian S.; Zuniga-Venegas, Liliana A.; Molina-Montenegro, Marco A.


For plants, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ultraviolet B radiation (UV-B) stand out as important genotoxic agents. Hence, the genetic damage among the Antarctic vascular flora, whose individuals frequently experience these abiotic stresses, might be recurrent among their populations. To respond this, the genetic damage associated with these stress factors was evaluated in Colobanthus quitensis and Deschampsia antarctica for the first time in the field and compared with those showed by plants grown at laboratory under less stressful conditions. Fifteen individuals per species from Admiralty Bay populations at King George Island (Maritime Antarctica) were used to semi-quantitatively estimate the genetic damage at the whole genome level by the single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) assay, revealing by means of specific enzymatic treatments the damage generated by oxidative stress (oxidized purines and pyrimidines) and UV-B radiation (pyrimidine dimmers). Compared with laboratory control individuals, the basal genetic damage observed in both species was significantly higher under field conditions. However, while for C. quitensis, oxidative stress (Ox) was more relevant than UV-B radiation (field relative revealed damage: Ox = 29% vs. UV-B = 25%), in D. antarctica, it was UV-B radiation the most relevant genotoxic factor (Ox = 10% vs. UV-B = 33%). This first approach to the genetic damage of the Antarctic vascular flora suggests that the conditions experienced on their natural ecosystems would constitute a genotoxic environment for these species, yet with differential impact between them.

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Título según WOS: Genotoxicity of oxidative stress and UV-B radiation in Antarctic vascular plants
Título de la Revista: POLAR BIOLOGY
Volumen: 44
Número: 5
Editorial: Springer
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Página de inicio: 1029
Página final: 1036


Notas: ISI