Food Availability in Different Food Environments Surrounding Schools in a Vulnerable Urban Area of Santiago, Chile: Exploring Socioeconomic Determinants

Pinheiro, Anna Christina; Quintiliano-Scarpelli, Daiana; Flores, Jacqueline Araneda; Alvarez Claudio; Suarez-Reyes, Monica; Palacios, Jose Luis; Quevedo, Tito Pizarro; de Oliveira, Maria Rita Marques

Abstract

The analysis of the food environment is used to identify areas with gaps in the availability of healthy foods and can be used as a public policy assessment tool. In recent decades, Chile has implemented several strategies and regulations to improve food environments, with encouraging results. Little is known about the scope of these measures in socially vulnerable environments. This study is part of a project that seeks to build an integrated intervention model for healthy school environments in a vulnerable area of Santiago, Chile. The objective of this study was to evaluate the availability of healthy and unhealthy foods around schools and the relationship between it and socioeconomic determinants of the school community in the Chilean context. A cross-sectional study to measure the food environment of informal markets (street food), formal markets (stores), and institutions (schools) was conducted in and around 12 schools (100 m surrounding schools) in a vulnerable urban area of Santiago, Chile. A lack of healthy foods was observed, which was related to some socio-economic determinants and the multidimensional poverty was the most relevant. The diagnosis of food environments around schools can represent an important target for governments to implement policies focused at improving the availability of healthy foods.

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:000782081000001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: FOODS
Volumen: 11
Número: 7
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2022
DOI:

10.3390/foods11070901

Notas: ISI