Techno-Economic and Environmental Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Energetic Valorization

Machin, Einara Blanco; Pedroso, Daniel Travieso; Acosta, Daviel Gomez; Silva dos Santos, Maria Isabel; de Carvalho, Felipe Solferini; Machin, Adrian Blanco; Neira Ortiz, Matias Abner; Sanchez Arriagada, Reinaldo; Travieso Fernandez, Daniel Ignacio; Braga Maciel, Lucia Bollini; Cuevas Arcos, Daniel; Guerra Reyes, Yanet; de Carvalho Junior, Joao Andrade


In 2019, Chile generated 20 million tons of waste, 79% of which was not properly disposed of, thereby providing an attractive opportunity for energy generation in advanced thermochemical conversion processes. This study presents a techno-economic and environmental assessment of the implementation of Waste-Integrated Gasifier-Gas Turbine Combined Cycle (WIG-GTCC) technology as an alternative for Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) treatment. The studied case assesses the conversion of 14.61 t center dot h(-1) of MSW, which produces a combustible gas with a flow rate of 34.2 t center dot h(-1) and LHV of 5900 kJ center dot kg(-1), which, in turn, is used in a combined cycle to generate 19.58 MW of electrical power. The proposed economic assessment of the technology uses the energy generation processes as a reference, followed by a model for an overall economic evaluation. The results have shown that the profit could be up to USD 24.1 million, and the recovery of investment between 12 and 17 years would improve the environmental impacts of the current disposal technology. The WIG-GTCC has the most efficient conversion route, emitting 0.285 kg CO2 (eq)/kWh, which represents 48.21% of the potential yield of global warming over 100 years (GWP(100)) of incineration and 58.51% of the GWP(100) of the standard gasification method. The WIG-GTCC would enable the energetic valorization of MSW in Chile, eliminate problems associated with landfill disposal, and increase opportunities for decentralized electricity generation.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000897286200001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: ENERGIES
Volumen: 15
Número: 23
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2022


Notas: ISI